Biodiversity of India. Biodiversity is important to most aspects of our lives. The importance of agricultural biodiversity encompasses socio-cultural, economic and environmental elements. To understand why biodiversity is important, we have to think like biologists. Home » Projects » Monitoring and Documentation of Biodiversity. Methods to document may include photography, sound recordings (for birds and frogs), and collection of voucher specimens such as pressed plant specimens or butterflies (note permits are needed in some areas for specimen collection such as on public lands). The Importance of Biodiversity. The term biodiversity (from the phrase “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life. All Rights Reserved. A peek into how the local people connect with the flora and fauna in the largest estuarine island of Goa. Now, thanks to recent technological advancements, it is now possible for a wide range of people to play leading roles in biodiversity documentation thanks to iNaturalist. Please update your bookmarks accordingly. Methods to document may include photography, sound recordings (for birds and frogs), and collection of voucher specimens such as pressed plant specimens or butterflies (note permits are needed in some areas for specimen collection such as on public lands). Dr. Nitasha Malhotra . For example, the richness of diversity allows medicines and foods to be naturally available. in a given area such as a prairie remnant. An important tool for monitoring biodiversity is a geographic information system (GIS), which accommodates large varieties of spatial and aspatial (attribute) data. Biodiversity is the amount of variety of life on Earth. Unlike nonscientists, biologists don't think of biodiversity strictly in terms of the number of species found on Earth. biodiversity It is a key instrument to promote sustainable development and tackle the global loss of biodiversity. Importance of Biodiversity. Biodiversity Atlas – India is a species-based bioinformatics platform. We have moved all content for this concept to for better organization. • Documentation of Biodiversity is a foundation of any conservation action. Crops livestock, fishery, and forests are a rich source of food. The biodiversity found on Earth today is the result of approximately 3.5 billion years of evolution. PBR contributes to Knowledge Flow Significant for Biodiversity Conservation . 5.3 Importance of Biodiversity The Biodiversity Crisis. Introduction . It is designed for aggregating, displaying and analysing biodiversity data from tropical developing countries and other biodiversity hotspots such as India. All domesticated crops and animals result from management of biodiversity, which is constantly responding to new challenges to maintain and increase productivity under constantly varying conditions and population pressures. Biodiversity is important, more than just the 'I want my children to enjoy it' reason. Uses of Biodiversity Also see how these activities complement the research activities facilitated by the NCBS Research Collections. We value biodiversity for many reasons, some utilitarian, some intrinsic. The destruction of forest ecosystems is responsible for 11 percent of all global greenhouse gas emissions caused by humans, so conserving forests would stop the release of these gases into the atmosphere. 4.2 Discuss the importance of the maintenance of biodiversity . Every local body shall constitute a Biodiversity Management Committee within its area for the purpose of promoting conservation, sustainable use and documentation of biological diversity including preservation of habitats, conservation of land races, folk varieties and cultivars, domesticated stocks and breeds of animals and microorganisms and chronicling of knowledge relating to biological … The importance of agricultural biodiversity encompasses socio-cultural, economic and environmental elements. Biologists estimate that species extinctions are currently 500–1000 times the normal, or background, rate seen previously in Earth’s history. Biodiversity documentation Our efforts in biodiversity documentation have been supported by the Yanadhi community who are knowledge holder. This type of biodiversity documentation and monitoring is critical in generating a more complete and useful understanding of the Indian flora and fauna. We are gathering a considerable amount of spot records and other kinds of data on especially lesser known taxa such as moths, odonates and cicadas. Fortunately, this is changing reasonably rapidly because of the growth in educational and research institutions as well as citizen science in India. Types of Biodiversity. It also has a long history of natural history, taxonomic research and other scientific growth. Biodiversity is the source of the things that people require. 3. The current high rates will cause a precipitous decline in the biodiversity of the planet in the next century or two. Biodiversity also underpins ecosystem function and the provision of ecosystem services. Wild plants such as Cinchona and Foxglove plant are used for medicinal purposes. 4 1 - PROJECT DETAILS 1.1 Title of the Project DOCUMENTATION OF BIODIVERSITY STATUS IN MANDLA DISTRICT OF MADHYA PRADESH 1.2 Project Duration: 18 Months 1.3 Project Cost : Rs. Documentation is the written and retained record of employment events. They shared with the team invaluable information on several species of Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP), their importance and the harvesting methods they adopt for sustainable use of the species. This effort has already led to several research papers describing new species and ecological dynamics. Covers characteristics of biodiversity and its importance. Importance of Biodiversity . SGI, Austin Peay State University, Center of Excellence for Field Biology , Clarksville, Tn 37044, USA, Southeastern Climate & Grasslands Workshop, Regional Conservation Partnership Program, The Southeastern Grasslands Initiative Packet, East Gulf Coastal Plain Grasslands Gallery, Interior River Valleys & Hills Grasslands, Mississippi Alluvial Plain Grasslands Gallery. Biodiversity is very important to the well-being of our planet and here’s why. People’s Biodiversity Register documentation in the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 is of importance not only in the context of documentation of traditional knowledge, but also in the preparation of JFM micro-plans, the number of requirements under FRA, and so on. All domesticated crops and animals result from human management of biodiversity, which is constantly responding to new challenges to maintain and increase productivity under constantly varying conditions. Protecting biodiversity plays a crucial part in achieving these emissions reductions. We are also discovering new species, recording significant range extensions, collecting information about reproductive behaviours and other ecological aspects, and monitoring insect populations through various research projects. Biodiversity documentation is the process of identifying/recording species of plants, animals, fungi, etc. Associate Professor, Kamala Nehru College, University of Delhi . Until the emergence of humans, the earth supported more biodiversity than any other period in geological history. INTRODUCTION Download iNaturalist on your smartphone or tablet to Explore, Learn, Record. When biodiversity loss is thought of as the extinction of the passenger pigeon, the dodo bird, and even the woolly mammoth, the loss may appear to be an emotional one. This type of biodiversity documentation and monitoring is critical in generating a more complete and useful understanding of the Indian flora and fauna. Biodiversity includes the genetic variability (for which different varieties of spices have appeared in the course of evolution) and diversity of life forms such as plants, animal microbes, etc. Than just the ' I want my children to enjoy it ' reason a crucial part achieving... Significant for biodiversity conservation awards announced, check out to be naturally available encompasses socio-cultural, economic and environmental.. 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